Jirat Laksanalamai and Nobuhisa Kobayashi, 2021. “Evolution of a nourished sand beach under low wave energy in Thailand”, Shore & Beach, 89(3), 36-40.
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Evolution of a nourished sand beach under low wave energy in Thailand
Jirat Laksanalamai(1) and Nobuhisa Kobayashi(2)
1) Marine Department, Ministry of Transport, Bangkok, Thailand and
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE; email@example.com
2) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE
Sand beaches are essential for coastal tourism in Thailand, but erosion narrowed some beaches significantly over the years. Pattaya is a famous resort near Bangkok in the upper Gulf of Thailand. The Pattaya beach is microtidal with the average tidal range of 1.5 m. The average significant wave height is 0.2 m and the wave energy is low. The beach was widened by placing 130 m3/m of medium sand along the shoreline length of 2.8 km between two terminal groins constructed in 2018. The bathymetry and topography were measured in 2015, 2019, and 2020. Approximately 14% of the placed sand in the water depth less than 2 m was lost after one year, as may be expected for nourished beaches. The bathymetry change in the water depth of 2-4 m varied alongshore. The sand volume change in this offshore zone beyond the surf zone was as large as that in the landward sand placement zone. The assumption of negligible profile changes seaward of a closure depth is not applicable to this beach during 2015-2020.