Laura Szczyrba, Justin Shawler, Ali Mohammad Rezaie, and Vanessa Constant, 2022. “Exploring diverse perspectives of coastal resilience: The state of resilience model”, Shore & Beach, 90(4), 18-27.
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Exploring diverse perspectives of coastal resilience: The state of resilience model
Laura Szczyrba(1), Justin Shawler(2), Ali Mohammad Rezaie(3), and Vanessa Constant(4)
1) Department of Department of Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7R 3K7, Canada
2) U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Vicksburg, MS 39180, USA
3) Department of Civil Engineering, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh
4) National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, DC 20001, USA
In the context of climate change, the term resilience was popularized by the field of ecology to describe how ecological systems respond to stress and has since been adopted and significantly adapted by various fields, including psychology, policy, urban planning, and engineering. The exact meaning of resilience has blurred over time. In the context of coastal hazards, “resilience” is a holistic idea that relates long and short-term physical hazards with societal and biological impacts and mitigation measures. However, applying this idea to community-based mitigation planning remains challenging due to: (1) the diverse meanings, perspectives, and applications of the term, (2) the tendency of the term to defer to the status quo, thereby neglecting the voices of historically marginalized populations, and (3) the non-participatory and quantitative nature of resilience studies, often depending on cost-benefit analyses. In this paper, an interdisciplinary team of researchers and practitioners develops and proposes a new conceptual model for coastal resilience that offers to help address these aforementioned challenges by focusing on meaningful community engagement. The goal of this paper is to introduce the pitfalls of existing interpretations of coastal resilience, describe the team-based approach applied to develop this framework, and provide a theoretical path forward that addresses the current challenges in describing coastal resilience. This new framework (a) integrates relevant factors of coastal resilience including hazards, exposure, vulnerability, adaptation, mitigation and preparedness to qualitatively explore a community’s perception and state of resilience which (b) transcends existing models and (c) can be interpreted through a variety of perspectives. This model can be applied to document and assess locally differential understandings of coastal resilience and to engage communities in reflections of their individual and collective sense of resilience.